Changes in Canadian Post-Secondary Education: Rising Costs and Gender Participation

By Richard D. Christy.

Published by The International Journal of Humanities Education

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In a credential society such as Canada university degrees, college certificates, and trade school diplomas are essential for social and economic success. Too often social economic status, race, religion, class, and family values have been barriers to post-secondary education. In his classical study of Canada society, Porter argues that more than ever “education means opportunity” (Porter1965, 167). Income is identified by Porter as one of the enduring barriers to education. As the ninth strike by Quebec students since 1968 indicates, income and student debt continues to be a major flashpoint in post-secondary education. In this paper, I will examine the rising costs of education and changing university funding in Canada. While Porter identified income as a major barrier to education, I will also examine the current debates on gender and educational participation. Are boys in academic trouble? Has the class room and teachers become anti-male? What, if anything, can be done to address this perceived or real problem?

Keywords: Credential Society, Post-secondary Education, Gender Participation, Rising Tuition and Fees, Provincial Funding, Gender Barriers, Underachieving Boys and Education

The International Journal of Humanities Education, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp.41-49. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 464.923KB).

Dr. Richard D. Christy

Associate Professor of Sociology, Department of Sociology, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada

Dr Richard D Christy is an associate professor in the Department of Sociology at Wilfrid Laurier University Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. He received his PhD from the University of Toronto in Sociology. He lectures and publishes in the sociology of education, sociological theory, the sociology of religion and the sociology of men and masculinities. Dr. Christy is a popular lecturer and the Canadian news magazine Macleans has named him a key lecturer at WLU in sociology. He has delivered academic papers at Cambridge University UK, the American University of Paris Paris, the University of California Los Angeles, ATINER Athens Greece, and Universidad de Granada Spain.