Notions about the cultural attributes of individualism and collectivism have not been fully addressed in contemporary Africa. Individualism and collectivism are often interchangeably referred to as independence and interdependence in Western psychology. The individualistic dimension of the Self is conceptualized as the autonomous, contained and reliant Self. Within collectivism there is a concept defined as the Self, which subordinates personal goals in favor of collective needs. The current study sought to identify how Nigerian adolescents fit into the individualistic-collectivistic matrix. Results indicated no significant difference in the need for affiliation between the male and the female Nigerian adolescent participants. However, the male participants endorsed a higher need for interpersonal dependency than a normative Nigerian male sample. Both male and female Nigerian adolescents were found to be highly self-efficacious, which was significantly influenced by their level of self-confidence. In general, findings were mixed, which may be a reflection of paradigm shifts occurring, perhaps due to the effects of Westernization in African nations.
|Keywords:||Individualism, Collectivism, Self-efficacy, Self-confidence, Autonomy, Interpersonal Dependency, Adolescence, Sex|
Doctoral Student, Clinical Psychology Ph.D. Program, Alliant International University, California School of Professional Psychology, Fresno, California, USA