|Published online: March 13, 2014||$US5.00|
Since the main narrative strategy in the Spanish film “Alma Gitana” (Chus Gutiérrez, 1995) is the gypsy component and the meeting of minority and hegemonic elements, this film could be read as a multiculturalist attempt at establishing tolerance to difference. However, and contrary to some criticism about the film, this paper argues that gypsy stereotypes are not contested but reinforced in the film. The gypsy identity it depicts is essentialist on the basis of a series of collective characteristics. The flamenco music and dance act as the building tool for a fixed identity and even though, as Stuart Hall asserts, this gives us "a good night’s rest", it also denies the possibility of change or the inclusion of the gypsy in mainstream Spanish culture. Instead the film depicts the gypsies’ identity as fixed and immutable and so serves, in particular, to keep the stereotype of the submissive gypsy woman unaltered.
|Keywords:||Spanish Gypsies, Stereotypes, Identity, Flamenco, Gypsy Women, Masculine Gaze|
The International Journal of Literary Humanities, Volume 11, Issue 2, March 2014, pp.27-35. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: March 13, 2014 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 413.121KB)).
Senior Lecturer, Department of English and Languages, Coventry University, Coventry, Warwickshire, UK