Traditional Burmese Musical Instruments and Their Roles in Hsaing Waing

By Chalermkit Kengkaew.

Published by The International Journal of Critical Cultural Studies

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: September 28, 2015 $US5.00

This is a qualitative investigation that aims to catalogue the musical instruments played in traditional Burmese Hsaing Waing and identify their roles. Data were gathered by means of document analysis and field research in Yangoon and Mandalay, Myanmar from 2010 to 2013. Results show that each instrument used in Hsaing Waing produces a loud sound so that it is suitable for outdoor performances or shows in large halls. The majority of instruments are made from leather, metal, and wood. These instruments can be divided into four distinct categories: idiophone, membranophone, aerophone, and chordophone. They are all either struck or blown. Hsaing Waing ensembles are made of many components. Instruments used to control the melody of the performance are patwaing, maung hsaing, kjei waing, and hne. Instruments used to maintain the rhythm of the performance are si, wa, sito, lakwin, sakhun, chauklon pat, and patma. Hsaing waing ensembles also include singers and comedians.

Keywords: Hsaing Waing, Traditional Instruments, Traditional Music, Myanmar

The International Journal of Critical Cultural Studies, Volume 13, Issue 4, December 2015, pp.1-13. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: September 28, 2015 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 606.440KB)).

Chalermkit Kengkaew

Ph.D Candidate, College of Music, Mahasarakham University, Mahasarakham, Thailand