Challenges and Opportunities of School Music Education in Hungary

By Boglarka Kiss.

Published by The International Journal of Critical Cultural Studies

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published Online: October 16, 2014 $US5.00

This study of Hungarian music education systematically explores its evolution, policies, pedagogy, and availability, thereby closing a gap in the literature. This large-scale study explores its theme through laws, archival and secondary sources on schools, educators, approaches and textbooks, as well as published articles. The data is presented in a narrative style, and includes individual experiences, as well as national political forces. Music has been a public school subject for its perceived aesthetic and moral values, and to raise a musically literate population. However, the results of teaching music to children have been inconsistent. Historically, exceptional educators’ results were positive, even when using foreign approaches and musical materials. The Kodály approach, which emerged in the middle of the 20th century in Hungary, embraces the singing of Hungarian and other folk songs, solfège, and listening to art music, as vehicles toward preserving Hungarian folk culture and to teach musical literacy. It has been implemented successfully in some public schools in Hungary and internationally. However, the majority of public schools teach music poorly, largely due to inadequate teacher training and improperly designed curricula. Better advocacy, teacher training, along with updated content could remedy this situation.

Keywords: Research Methods, Future Directions, Music Education

The International Journal of Critical Cultural Studies, Volume 11, Issue 4, October 2014, pp.43-56. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published Online: October 16, 2014 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 444.183KB)).

Dr. Boglarka Kiss

Assistant Professor, Music Department, Pasadena City College, Santa Clarita, CA, USA

Boglárka Kiss is Assistant Professor of Music at Pasadena City College. Her main focus is on historical research in music education. She is also a professional flutist.