With an eco-centric approach, Deep Ecology intends to change the structures of modern society, arguing for a Biospherical Egalitarianism (Naess) that places humans among other species, thus reversing thus the anthropocentric outlook of the modern age and assuming the written plan of a natural contract (Serres) entitling Nature as a bearer of rights. Besides its operative impracticability, in the context of a technoscientific civilization plunged in a global environmental crisis, when the Deep Ecology arguments are pushed to the limits they may not only permit totalitarian sociopolitical regimes (Jonas) but also lead to a utopia in its etymological sense: a fictional nowhere place (More). It is the distance from the topologically complete biosphere, bearing in its manifolds egalitarian homeomorphism in terms of the Natural Law (one-to-one equal and onto-all corresponding) to a nowhere place, that we give emphasis to, by presenting a biosphere and utopia theoretical frame. Biosphere is presented as Platonist, at ease with connectedness but less with compactness, clashing an “open systems” status with proclaimed boundaries. Both Platonist and eco-centric utopias have come to contradictorily accept totalitarianism by accepting continuum properties in Nature, inviting us to ask how partial ordered space modulates the aesthesis of topology, the order in the polis (πολις) and Utopia.
|Keywords:||Biosphere, Natural Contract, Deep Ecology, Topology, Utopia|
Ph.D Researcher, Integrated Member, Centre for Philosophy of Science, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal
Ph.D Researcher, Integrated Member, Centre for Climate Change Impacts Adaptation and Modelling, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal