The Emergence of “Karmic” Concept and the Theory of Karma in Untouchable

By Khushbu Soni.

Published by The International Journal of Civic, Political, and Community Studies

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Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: September 12, 2017 $US5.00

Karma is a law which is connected with whatever the individual does or thinks and says. Karma has its consequences. It is thought that if one has good motives, something good happens to him or her; if one has evil motifs, something bad happens to him or her. All are the actions of the soul. The souls of human beings live a number of consecutive lives. So, it is thought that karma is not necessarily imposed to the present life but usually to a later one. Basically, it is based on cause and effect. One is responsible for his or her own deeds. The Hindu philosophy believes in the doctrine of life after death. To this belief, if the individual is good with karma, the next life will be rewarding. If not then his or her life may degenerate to a lower form. Mulk Raj Anand’s novel “Untouchable” is the fiction of the hero Bakha who inherits with the “pollution-complex,” an unconscious underlying folk belief complex. Bakha is excluded from social intercourse. He believes that his sufferings are due to his past deeds and has to perform good duties to amend the next life.

Keywords: Karma, Past Deeds, Religion, Untouchable, Barbarism, Salvation

The International Journal of Civic, Political, and Community Studies, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp.1-7. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: September 12, 2017 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 568.362KB)).

Khushbu Soni

Research Scholar, English Department, Rai University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India