Sport Participation Constraints of Malaysian University Students

By Aminuddin Yusof and Parilah M. Shah.

Published by The Humanities Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The purpose of this paper is to examine the reasons that keep Malaysian university students from participating in sport activities during their leisure time. The three-dimensional leisure constraints model was used as the theoretical framework for the study. The sample consisted of 303 students from University Putra Malaysia using survey instruments based on Crawford and Godbey’s (1987) Leisure Constraints Model. The instrument is designed to measure three types of constraints to sport participation: (1) structural, (2) interpersonal and (3) intrapersonal. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-tests and ANOVA. The results suggest the subjects were constrained most by structural factors such as lack of information about existing sport activities and facilities, inconvenient facility location and inconvenient facility operating hours. Female students experienced higher levels of structural and intrapersonal constraints than their male counterparts. Implications of the findings for sport administrators were given to overcome some constraints, and increase student’s participation in sport activities.

Keywords: Leisure Constraint Model, Sport Participation Constraints, Physical Activity

The International Journal of the Humanities, Volume 5, Issue 3, pp.189-196. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 498.661KB).

Dr. Aminuddin Yusof

Lecturer, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Dr. Aminuddin Yusof is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Educational Studies, University Putra Malaysia. In 2003, he was seconded for service at the university’s Sports Academy. Dr. Aminuddin Yusof received his tertiary education in the United States; his B.A. from Wilmington College, his M.A. from University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, and his Ph.D. from the University of Connecticut. His areas of expertise are Sport Management, Sport Tourism, and Sport and Tourism Communication. He has several research publications that have been presented both locally and internationally.

Dr. Parilah M. Shah

Lecturer, Faculty of Education, National University of Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

Dr. Parilah M. Shah is a lecturer at the Faculty of Education, National University of Malaysia. She obtained her M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Connecticut, USA. Her research interests are second language acquisition, reading, teaching of English to speakers of other languages, and bilingual-bicultural education. She has presented several papers at both the national and international levels and has several publications in areas related to second language acquisition and learning.


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