Hope, Purpose in Life, and Mental Health in College Students

By Bagher Ghobary Bonab, Masoud Lavasani and Habibollah Rahimi.

Published by The Humanities Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship among hope, purpose in life, gender, place of residence, and mental health in college students. To fulfill the stated goal, 299 female and 264 male students were drawn by means of stratified random sampling. Then hope scale, purpose in life (PIL), and Symptom Check List 90-Revised (SCL 90-R) were administered on them. To analyze the data correlation coefficient, regression analysis, and Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) were used. Results indicated that “purpose in life” and the place of residence predicted mental health in college students. In addition, further analysis revealed that college students residing in dormitory showed more symptoms than students who lived with their own parents. Findings indicated the importance of meaning in life and its implication for health indicators. Moreover, paying closer attention is required by the university officials to improve and enhance the situation in dormitories and make necessary adjustments to fit psychological and social needs of the students residing in dorms.

Keywords: Purpose in Life, Hope, Mental Health, Psychological Symptoms

The International Journal of the Humanities, Volume 5, Issue 5, pp.127-132. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 546.669KB).

Dr. Bagher Ghobary Bonab

Associate Professor, Faculty of Psychology & Education, University of Tehran, Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Dr. Bagher Ghobari Bonab is an associate professor at University of Tehran, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Special Education Department. He holds a Ph.D. in Special Education, Mental Retardation from University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA. His MA is in SPED, Early Childhood from George Washington University, Washington DC, USA. He also completed a Post-Doctoral Fellowship at University of Missouri-Columbia, Missouri Institute of Mental Health to develop Mental Retardation-Expert (MR-E) which is a soft-ware to help clinicians diagnose and treat aberrant behaviors in individuals with mental retardation. He currently teaches, advises graduate and undergraduate students and takes research projects in the field of special education. He also teaches at different universities in Iran. His research interests include intervention strategies to enhance social and academic skills of developmentally disabled and culturally disadvantaged population. He also does research in spirituality, moral development, and human virtues as well as their impact on quality of life in individuals with disabilities and their families. He has authored four books and over 50 articles.

Dr. Masoud Lavasani

Assistant Professor, Faculty of Psychology & Education, University of Tehran, Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Dr. Masoud Gholamali Lavasani is an assistant professor at University of Tehran, Faculty of Psychology and Education. He holds a Ph.D. in Psychology from University of Tehran. His MA is in Educational Psychology. He currently teaches and advises students. The courses he has taught include introduction to psychology, educational psychology and research methods in psychology and education.

Habibollah Rahimi

MA in Educational Psychology, Psychology & Education, Islamic Azad University, Tehran Branch, Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Mr. Habibollah Rahimi has earned his MA in Special Education from Azad University, Tehran Branch in 2002. He is currently working with Dr. Ghobary as a counsellor and research assistant at University of Tehran. He has published 12 articles in different journals.

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