Structural Adjustment and the Igbo Extended Family
Two Nigerian villages were surveyed to study the impact of globalization on the traditional Igbo society. Structural adjustment has impacted the two villages through economic reforms and programs such as reductions in government expenditures on social programs and the diminishing role of the public sector. As a result, the social capital and social cohesion, and the capacity for local economic development were diminished, and some village institutions were weakened. On the other hand, the institution of the extended family has allowed the two communities to form a symbiotic relationship that has helped maintain cultural traditions. The paper argues that the globalization policies of the international institutions based on the “weak” version of sustainability are over-simplified. By considering the importance of complex institutions in the development process, a more realistic picture emerges of the positive and negative effects of globalization.
||Globalization, Extended family, Institutions, Igbo, Nigeria
The International Journal of the Humanities, Volume 5, Issue 5, pp.77-82.
Article: Print (Spiral Bound).
Article: Electronic (PDF File; 511.715KB).
Assistant Professor of Economics, School of Business, Economics Department, Siena College, USA
Raluca Iorgulescu Polimeni is an Assistant Professor of Economics at Siena College in New York State, USA. She received her B.S. in Physics from Bucharest University, Romania and her Ph.D. in Ecological Economics from the School of Humanities and Social Sciences at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA. She is associate researcher at the Romanian Institute for Economic Forecasting. She has published several papers on her Nigeria research, on community supported agriculture, on Jevons' Paradox,and in the field of welfare economics. Her research interests are in the fields of Ecological Economics, Economic and Sustainable Development, Welfare Economics, and Transitional Economies. She works to link these areas of interest together by examining the relationship between sustainable development and local community involvement using the Multi-Scale Integrated Analysis of Societal Metabolism approach.
Albany College of Pharmacy, USA
John M. Polimeni (Ph.D., Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute) is an Assistant Professor of Economics at the Albany College of Pharmacy. He has a B.S. degree in mathematics from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and a M.A. degree in Economics from SUNY at Albany, where he also received a Certificate in Graduate Studies in Regulatory Economics.
Dr. Polimeni is the managing editor of the International Journal of Transdisciplinary Research, an international journal devoted to integrating the study of economics with disciplines within the natural and social sciences, as well as the humanities. Dr. Polimeni is a Fellow Member of the International Congress of Chemistry and Environment and has been named an Honorary Member of the Scientific Council of the Romanian National Academy of Science. His primary research interests are energy efficiency, economic development, agriculture, and sustainability. Dr. Polimeni has published several articles in these fields.
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