Diasporic writers Daniel Picouly and Simon Njami are both influenced by Chester Himes in their novels Tête de Nègre (Picouly), L’enfant léopard (Picouly) and Cercueil et Cie (Coffin and Co.) (Njami). They constantly use intertextuality by revisiting the famous crime novels of the African American writer mainly by displacing the famous detectives Coffin Ed Johnson and Grave Digger from New York to Paris and transposing Harlem to France. The plot is used as a background to analyse the situation of Blacks in Western societies prolonging Himes’ problematic which denounced the marginalisation of Blacks in a White America. The work of these two authors is based on a back and forth between America and France. Harlem becomes the spatial and symbolic reference of the Black struggle in western societies. It is finally the representation of a renewed racial marginalisation which unites the writers beyond borders, time and languages.
|Keywords:||Francophone Literatures, Africa, Caribbean, Crime Fiction, Themes|
Lecturer, Department Of Modern Languages and Literatures, University of The West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica
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