Anatolia, which has hosted important civilizations coming into existence as a result of immigration and emigration throughout the human history, is regarded as a very important region. During the Ottoman Empire period, there were immigrations to Anatolia from the lands lost in the Balkans and Caucasus. Mass migration from the Balkans went on while the imperial lands were contracting and continued steadily after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the foundation of the Turkish Republic. Both the diversity of migration and the number of migrants increased during the period between 1950 and 1970. The migration in this period occurred as rural migration to urban areas, labor emigration to abroad and immigration of consanguineous groups from abroad. Between 1980 and 1990, Anatolia witnessed the arrival of asylum seekers and transit migrants as new actors of human movements. Political instability is a prevalent factor in the region where Turkey is located. Since Turkey, which serves as a bridge between the East and the West, is more stable than the other countries in the region, it still receives immigration from these countries. All of these immigrations cause social, cultural, economical and political changes in the social structure of Turkey. Migrations have a fundamental influence on family life. Therefore the determination of the structural features of a family as one of the fundamental constitutional units of the culture, is essential to identify the direction and the extent of the change. Attributes related to family structure, like type of the family, social roles, decision making, contribution of women to the economy, saving and consumption habits change with the dynamics of migration. This has a great importance to create social integrity and to achieve a healthy social life in the society.
|Keywords:||Emigration, Emigrant, Immigration, Immigrant, Migration, Migrant, Family Structure, Turkey, Refugee, Asylum Seeker, Transit Migrant|
Academic, Department of Family and Consumer Sciences, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
Academic, Department Head, Department of Family and Consumer Sciences, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
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