The Reading Comprehension Level of Primary School Pupils

By Yahya Che Lah and Nor Hashimah Hashim.

Published by The Humanities Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Reading comprehension skill is one of the main skills which need to be acquired by primary school pupils in Malaysia. This research is aimed at developing an instrument to measure the reading comprehension level for primary school pupils. With this instrument, the comprehension level for primary school pupils can be identified. Moreover, this research is also aimed at developing a matrix table of reading comprehension level amongst these pupils. The reading comprehension model for this study is derived from the model suggested by Dagostino & Carifio (1994). This model is based on the principle that the evaluation process is integrated into reading comprehension. The comprehension process moves from one continuum of the literal comprehension to the inferential comprehension parallel to the information in the texts which are explicit or implicit. The result shows that the reading comprehension level for Phase I pupils was low while the level for Phase II pupils was moderate. This finding ascertains the reading comprehension level for primary school pupils in Malaysia and can be used as a guide for teachers to stress upon the teaching of the skills which were less acquired by primary school pupils.

Keywords: Reading, Reading Comprehension, Reading Skills

International Journal of the Humanities, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp.35-44. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 578.574KB).

Assoc. Prof. Yahya Che Lah

Lecturer, School Of Distance Education, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Minden, Penang, Malaysia

Yahya Che Lah is a lecturer at the School of Distance Education, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia. He teaches Malay language as a university course. He taught for more than ten years in secondary and primary schools before he began studying for his degree on Teaching Malay Language as the First Language at the Universiti Putra Malaysia. He then pursued further studies at University of Leeds, United Kingdom, completing an M.Ed. His research is on reading comprehension and developing a benchmark on performance standard of Malay language as the mother tongue in Malaysia.

Prof. Dr. Nor Hashimah Hashim

Lecturer, School Of Educational Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Minden, Penang, Malaysia

Nor Hashimah Hashim is Associate Professor of Primary and Preschool Education in the School of Educational Studies,Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia. She taught Malay language in primary and secondary schools before beginning study at University of Leeds, United Kingdom for M.Ed and Ph.D. In her research, she focuses on Malay language at preschool and primary level. She had conducted research on the Diagnosis of Pupils’ Learning Difficulties in Reading Comprehension of Malay language (1999 - 2000). In this research, a computer-based program was developed.Further research was conducted on developing an instrument to measure the level of reading comprehension of Malay language at primary level (2002-2004). She is also a consultant to Malaysian Examination Syndicate, Ministry of Education Malaysia to develop a benchmark for performance standard in Malay language.

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