The aim of this article is to highlight the philosophy of research methodology as view from Islamic civilization. Scientific research has no central focus in our modern terms apart from further dominance of nature, refining our materialistic gain and maximizing the control of wealth, improving our health and live a life full of sensual pleasure with no misery. Sadly what was vision was never fully materialized, the upper echelon of the society gained the full benefit while the lower societies were left out and further denigrated.
The central theme of scientific research in Islam is ‘Tawhid’ or the oneness of God. This theocentric nature of philosophy of scientific research has proven in the annals of Islamic civilization, able to provide the physical as well as the spiritual needs of the society equitably. The great Islamic centres of civilization such as Cordova, Isfahan, Baghdad and Istanbul were at their splendor the centres of excellent scientific research and discoveries, and at the same time places for spiritual solace and tranquility. This remarkable achievement was primarily because of the philosophy outlook of scientific research in Islam which in sharp contrast with our modern philosophy of research of science.
We will be highlighting these Islamic philosophies, which not only need to be studied and discussed, but also the need for such a philosophy of scientific research urgently to be cultivated and propagated in our contemporary scientific world in order to create a man and a society who’s sound in mind, tranquil in soul and at the same time excellent in material and scientific achievements. This eventually will create a balance civilization and peace that upholds the principle, justice, love of knowledge and wisdom, social integration, peace and harmony for the humankind as a whole.
|Keywords:||Philosophy, Research Methodology, Islamic Civilization|
Lecturer, Islamic Civilization, School of Distance Education, Malaysia
Medical Doctor, Cardiology Department, Penang Hospital, Malaysia
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