Identifying Problems and Implementing Solutions: The Production of Consonant Sounds in Spoken English among EFL/ESL Learners

By Siti Zuraiyni Yassin.

Published by The Humanities Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

English might be an international language but for learners of English as a foreign or a second language, English can be a complicated language to learn and understand. One specific aspect of this complicated process of learning has to do with pronunciation especially when it is to be used in spoken English. This is because languages have different accents. They are pronounced differently by people of different geographical places, from different social classes, of different ages and different educational backgrounds. Thus, if we cannot use the letters of the alphabet in a consistent way to represent sounds we make, how do we go about describing the sounds of language like English? Therefore, EFL or ESL teachers can highlight the importance of communication and assist learners to be communicatively competent through effective and related pronunciation activities. In this way, teachers can also help students minimize local and global errors, which can sometimes result to embarrassing flaws in spoken English. This paper attempts to discuss indepthly of a specific problem area in learning English pronunciation, which is the confusion between producing consonant sounds often made by foreign and second language learners of English across cultures. This study will explain the roots to the problems made by EFL and ESL learners and then, explore a variety of micro and macro skills to be implemented in the teaching-learning process of spoken English as possible solutions.

Keywords: Spoken English, Production of Consonant Sounds, Pronunciation Activities / Exercises / Microskills, ESL/EFL Teachers and Learners

International Journal of the Humanities, Volume 6, Issue 5, pp.5-14. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 596.019KB).

Siti Zuraiyni Yassin

Lecturer, Centre for the Promotion of Knowledge & Language Learning, University Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

Siti Zuraiyni Yassin is currently an English Language lecturer attached with the Centre for the Promotion of Knowledge & Language Learning, University Malaysia Sabah. She has also been the Coordinator for the International Students Foundation Programme since 2003 which is an intensive English Language programme administered by the Centre for Professional Development under UMS-Link Holdings. She pursued her BEd.TESL and MA (ELS / Cross-Cultural Communication) from University Kebangsaan Malaysia. Her research interests cover cross-cultural communicative studies in the fields of Culture, Gender, Education, Language and TESL.


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