Transformatıon of Social Life in Turkey During the Early-kemalist Era

By Ahmed Baran Dural.

Published by The Humanities Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Turkish Republic, which started its way with empire remnants from Ottomans, had managed working life, which is among primary necessities of social life, in accordance with its political-ideological goals. “Populism-Statism-Nationalism” principles of 6 Arrows were road map to be followed in determining social relations. Kemalist leadership, while aiming the country to reach at developed civilizations’ level by completing modernization process, was also wishing to minimize the intensity of class struggle during transition from Ottoman’s social structure divided into status groups to new world’s social structure organized as classes.
On the other hand, forming a domestic bourgeoisie in Western terms in order for Turkish Republic to attain economic independence and strengthening entrepreneurship in order to make this class grow were among goals to achieve. So 1930-1936 period is the time slice, when national bourgeoisie could not perform the awaited explosion and state executed “statism”, and “national economy” choices in order to establish economic independence’s foundations.

Keywords: Corporatism, Labor Relations, Statism, Populism, Nationalism, CHP, PEEs

International Journal of the Humanities, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp.101-112. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.199MB).

Dr. Ahmed Baran Dural

Assistant Proffesor Doctor, Public Administration Department, Economics and Administrative Sciences Faculty, TC Trakya University, Edirne, Turkey, Turkey

A. Baran Dural: Assistant Professor Doctor. Dural has a doctorate degree on the “History of New-Era Turkish Politics” and gives lectures at Trakya University Public Administration Department. Heading the Political and Social Sciences Discipline, Dural has published several books and many articles on Ataturk and some aspects of Turkish Modernization process. The titles of his boks can be stated as fellows: - Global Affairs in a Turbulent World: Perspectives and Contreversies, Edited by: Yannis Stivachtis- 2008 pp: 507-527, - His Story: Mustafa Kemal and Turkish Revolution (In English-2007). - Revolt and Obeisance: Turkish Conservatism and Nurettin Topcu (2005), - Leadership of Ataturk (2002,2004,2008), - Turkish Historical Novels (1991).

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