Human being is a historical existence. History has been meaningful with humanity. Therefore, the existence of history depends on humanity. We can say that these humanities make their history and fate. In fact, history is our age. When we look at our age, it is same as our self-awareness of our own history. Based on historical awareness, contemporary human are able to conceive all of the past humanity within themselves. Therefore we try to realize some parts of our existence during history. Contemporary humans will make their own futures so the future of history must consider several aspects of humanitarian. On the other hand, humanity has another meaning. Humanity is actually in its physical form and behaviour. We do not need to look to our past and history. Humans do what they do because of the logic of the situation, and the logic of the situation forces their behaviour along certain lines among the alternatives available in the situation because of their rationality. Question: What is the view of the Critical Rationalist theory on the nature of humanity and how does it differ from that of the Critical Theory? Problem Statement: The primary question of this paper is to examine which concept we can interpret about humans from the natural science in society in critical rationalism. Critical theory gave reasons on why humans keeps a distance from each other in this era of science and technology. Besides, critical theory also talked about why science and technology becomes an ideology for humanity. Moreover, this paper will examine lessons learnt from the experiences from the two theories and propose recommendation for contemporary human.
|Keywords:||Critical Theory, Humanity, History, Critical Rationalist, Natural Science|
PhD Student, Department of Science & Technology Studies, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
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