This study examines psychological and marital risk factors of 322 immigrant couples from the Former Soviet Union (FSU) in Israel. The research focuses on two populations: the general immigrant population and the welfare immigrant population; the latter group is comprised of couples treated in welfare service departments. The dependent variable is evidence of violence between a couple, called spousal violence .The independent variables are: education level, gender, symbolic loss, psychological adjustment (both positive and negative emotions) and the perception of gaps in the family relations between Israel and the country of origin (called “cultural-familial gap” in this study). Surprisingly, it was found that the welfare immigrant population reports less spousal violence than the regular immigrant population. In addition, a correlation was found between spousal violence and the following factors: higher education, lower level of psychological adjustment and greater familial-cultural gap between the country of origin and Israel. The discussion focuses on the characteristics of FSU immigrants - educational level and orientation towards cultural preservation - within the Israeli context that connects to psychological responses which, in turn, creates spousal violence.
|Keywords:||Spousal Violence, Immigration|
Lecturer, Social Work, Tel Hai Academic College, Yokneam Moshava, Israel
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