The Growth of Military Development in Southeast Asia: An Arms Race Phenomenon or a Normal Development?

By Mohamad Faisol Keling, Md. Shukri Shuib and Mohd Na’eim Ajis.

Published by The Humanities Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The Soviet Union’s collapse in 1991 had influenced Southeast Asian countries (SAC) to strengthen the defense system in ensuring the safety and sovereignty of the country. The change in international system has propelled SAC to develop and modernize their defense systems. This military modernization and development process has increased the quantity and quality of a country’s defense system. Hence, since the 1990s SAC have started to increase their import and ownership of modern weaponry in line with the current technology development. The increase in import of armaments and ownership of modern weaponry has however raised questions on military development in South-East Asia whether it has shaped an arms race or whether it is just a normal development, which is a country’s need especially in Southeast Asia region.

Keywords: Military Development, Military Modernization, Arms Race, Defense System

International Journal of the Humanities, Volume 7, Issue 7, pp.49-60. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.346MB).

Mohamad Faisol Keling

Lecturer, College of Law, Government and International Studies, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Alor Setar, Kedah, Malaysia

Mohamad Faisol Keling is now attached with the Faculty of International Studies, Universiti Utara Malaysia. Previously, he was with the Ministry of Defense, Malaysia. He obtained his masters in security analysis from National University of Malaysia. His interests are military, politics, strategic studies, security policy and analysis.

Md. Shukri Shuib

Lecturer, College of Law, Government and International Study, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia

Mohd Na’eim Ajis

Lecturer, College of Law, Government and International Studies, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia

I am working in UUM as lecturer since 2003. Prior, I worked in UPSI as assistant registrar. I got my first degree from National University of Malaysia. Hence, I persued my master degree from University of Malaya in public administration. I attached in public management department and have taught a various of subjects particularly in human resource management area such as labor administration in Malaysia, negotiation skill and bargaining, human resource auditing and etc. My interest is more in human resource management and labor study.

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