Neutral stimulus and response-reactions seem to have some similarities and role in the context of second language acquisition, for one arises with the commencement of the other. Pavlovian stimulus is taken, here, to study the behavior of beginning L2 learners at the tertiary level. These learners, 20 in number, were from both Language 1 (L1) and Language 2 (L2) medium of instruction from one of the institutions in Tamilnadu, India. Ten learners who were from L1 medium, at the beginning of this study, did not have even 5% accuracy in the L2 while the remaining ten members had at least 5% accuracy in using English which was found through a pre-test. Pavlov, in his experiment, placed the bell as the neutral stimulus but here (in this study) the word ‘Activity’ (A) is used as a stimulus reminding learners that they have to learn the new language (English) skills. The threat posed to the participants is the target language (English) which 50% of the focus group learners had never understood. The other 50% were able to understand and write in it but were not able to use it effectively. The level of this threat is subsided through reinforcement. Learners were offered the opportunity to understand and gain the motivation to achieve the L2. When they heard the word ‘activity’, they were reminded of the learning of the L2 because the word ‘activity’ acted as the neutral stimulus.
|Keywords:||Motivation, Neutral Stimulus, Psyche, Reinforce, Response|
Lecturer, Department of Applied Sciences, Faculty of English, Kongu Engineering College, Erode, Tamilnadu, India
Kongu Engineering College, Tamilnadu, India
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