Foreign Labourers and its Impact on the Economic Development of Southeast Asia Countries

By Mohd Na’eim Ajis, Mohamad Nasir Saludin, Azman Ismail, Mohamad Faisol Keling and Md. Shukri Shuib.

Published by The Humanities Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The migration in Southeast Asia happened a long time ago and it indirectly contributed to the impact of increasing the population among the countries in the region. Apart from that, migration workers also contributed in economic impact towards the region in enjoying certain benefits. The transition pattern from agricultural based activity to industrial and imbalanced between the population with job opportunities and also the level of education development of one country are always the main factors to the migration. Furthermore, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) can be considered as an indicator to economy stability because it can give a direct effect in relationship between salary and level of economic development in one country. This condition finally will lead to instability of economy among the countries in the region and then, the migration phenomenon cannot be avoided. In rational, a man will migrate if the action will benefit him and his obligation. Countries such as Philippine and Indonesia are not only become the contributors in foreign workers in Southeast Asia region but to the other parts of the world. This situation was caused by poor economic performance in both countries, increasing of unemployment level and also political stability to be at stake. For that, governments of both countries are always encouraging their citizen to migrate to another country in order to stabilize the economy by reducing the unemployment and remittance send by their citizen that working at overseas. Malaysia and Thailand are among main importers of semi skilled and unskilled foreign workers especially from regional countries. Meanwhile, Singapore is more on importing skilled workers and put on high requirement in engaging semi skilled or unskilled workers. This working paper will look through the phenomenon of foreign workers in Southeast Asia countries such as Indonesia, Philippine, Malaysia, Thailand and Singapore especially in administrative aspect and economic development impact on those countries.

Keywords: Labour Migration, Economic Development, Southeast Asia, Remittance

International Journal of the Humanities, Volume 8, Issue 6, pp.187-202. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 690.479KB).

Mohd Na’eim Ajis

Lecturer, College of Law, Government and International Studies, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia

since 2003, I have been working in UUM as lecturer. Prior, I worked in UPSI as assistant registrar. I got my first degree from National University of Malaysia. Hence, I persued my master degree from University of Malaya in public administration. I was in the public management department and have taught various subjects particularly in administration and politics area such as labor administration in Malaysia, Malaysian Constitution, Negotiation Skill and Bargaining. My interest is more on public administration, politics and migration.

Prof. Mohamad Nasir Saludin

Dean, Faculty of Defence Management and Studies, National Defence University of Malaysia, Sungai Besi, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Dr. Azman Ismail

Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Defence Management and Studies, National Defence University of Malaysia, Sungai Besi, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Mohamad Faisol Keling

Lecturer, College of Law, Government and International Studies, Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM), Alor Setar, Kedah, Malaysia

Mohamad Faisol Keling is now with the Faculty of International Studies, Universiti Utara Malaysia. Previously, he was with the Ministry of Defense, Malaysia. He obtained his masters in security analysis from National University of Malaysia. His interests are military, politics, strategic studies, security policy and analysis.

Md. Shukri Shuib

Lecturer, College of Law, Government and International Study, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia


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