In 1996, leaders from 186 countries gathered in Rome and made a solemn commitment to halve the number of hungry people (around 790 million) by the year 2015. However, in 2009, the United Nations reported over one billion people were suffering from starvation (it is estimated that about one sixth of the world’s population is suffering from hunger and famine). In 1974, the United Nations reported that more than 460 million people were permanently hungry. When observing the increase of hungry people the past 30 years even though the institutional efforts has been made to intervene in the crisis, new alternative plan to resolve the problem comes into request. Whereas starvation in the early 1970s resulted from resource deficiencies, in recent years, it is seen involved in complex circumstances such as wars, civil unrest and terrors. For instance, Afghanistan and North Korea branded part of an “axis of evil” by the former U.S. president George W. Bush were designated as major sufferers from starvation and targets of food relief program in 1999 when Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) reported that four nations (North Korea, Cuba, Afghanistan and Burundi) had the decreasing rate of dietary energy supply per person between 1980 and 1996. Considering the relationship between starvation and terrors, we need to reconsider what helps must be requested to resolve it. In order to disconnect the vicious cycle of starvation, this paper present what substantially causes starvation in the world through overviewing the efforts that have been planned, how efficiently the efforts have worked, and what limitations have occurred.
|Keywords:||Starvation, Terror, Institutional Efforts|
Professor, Department of Public Administration, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
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