Mapping NGO Competency to Reduce Human Vulnerability in Post-disaster Communities: Comparing Strategies in Sri Lanka and Bangladesh

By Jason Kyle von Meding, Lukumon Oyedele, David Cleland, John Spillane and Ashwini Konanahalli.

Published by The Humanities Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Natural hazards trigger disasters, the scale of which is largely determined by vulnerability. Developing countries suffer the most from disasters due to various conditions of vulnerability which exist and there is an opportunity after disasters to take mitigative action. NGOs implementing post-disaster rehabilitation projects must be able to address the issues causing communities to live at risk of disaster and therefore must build dynamic capacity, capabilities and competencies, enabling them to operate in unstable environments. This research is built upon a theoretical framework of dynamic competency established by combining elements of disaster management, strategic management and project management theory. A number of NGOs which have implemented reconstruction and rehabilitation projects both in Sri Lanka following the Asian Tsunami and Bangladesh following Cyclone Sidr are being investigated in great depth using a causal mapping procedure. ‘Event’ specific maps have been developed for each organization in each disaster. This data will be analysed with a view to discovering the strategies which lead to vulnerability reduction in post-disaster communities and the competencies that NGOs must possess in order to achieve favourable outcomes. It is hypothesized that by building organizational capacity, capabilities and competencies to be dynamic in nature, while focusing on a more emergent strategic approach, with emphasis on adaptive capability and innovation, NGOs will be better equipped to contribute to sustainable community development through reconstruction. We believe that through this study it will be possible to glean a new understanding of social processes that emerge within community rehabilitation projects.

Keywords: Vulnerability, Community Rehabilitation, Post-disaster Reconstruction, Competency, Natural Hazards, Social Process

International Journal of the Humanities, Volume 8, Issue 11, pp.119-138. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.077MB).

Jason Kyle von Meding

Lecturer in Construction Management, School of Planning, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Queen’s University Belfast, Belfast, Antrim, UK

Jason Von Meding is currently a Lecturer in Construction Management and Ph.D. candidate at Queen’s University Belfast in the field of Disaster Management. At 27 years old he is married with 3 young children. He is a graduate of the BSc Architecture (2004) and the BArch (2007) degrees at Queen’s University Belfast and brings his architectural background to new application in Disaster Management. Jason has also spent the past 4 years in practice (full and part-time) with a leading Belfast architectural firm, gaining valuable experience of the construction industry in while simultaneously furthering his academic experience at Queen’s University. Having completed his data collection, he is entering the thesis write-up stage of his Ph.D. with a planned completion date of end-2010. He has seen significant publication of his research thus far with many further possibilities to publish the results of this new data.

Lukumon Oyedele

Queen’s University Belfast, Antrim, UK

David Cleland

Queen’s University Belfast, Antrim, UK

John Spillane

Queen’s University Belfast, Antrim, UK

Ashwini Konanahalli

Queen’s University Belfast, Antrim, UK


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