All-level Public Policy: Plane-Line-Point Design Concept for Assisting Visually Impaired Persons to Access Public Toilets

By Kin Wai Michael Siu and Maggie M Y Wong.

Published by The Humanities Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Visually impaired persons (VIPs) face a number of difficulties in everyday life. Among different public environments, public toilets present the most barriers for VIPs. In recent years, more governments and professionals have invested resources and effort into improving the quality of public toilets, including enhancing barrier-free, universal and inclusive policy and design concepts. However, the focus of such work is generally on assisting people with impaired mobility. The needs of people with visual impairments have rarely been concerned. Taking Hong Kong as a case study, this paper first reviews the current general public policy on assisting people with disabilities. The paper then focuses on the current deficiencies in the assistance provided for VIPs in accessing public toilets. By advocating an all-level public policy, the paper reviews and discusses the design of public toilets from three levels: plane, line and point. The plane level refers to the overall system, networks, and links for VIPs to access the public toilet environment. The line level refers to the links between different places and facilities for VIPs to access individual public toilets. The point level refers to individual public toilets, compartments, and facilities.

Keywords: Public Policy, Plane-Line-Point, Public Toilet, Visually Impaired Persons(VIPs), Inclusion

International Journal of the Humanities, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp.171-184. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 809.772KB).

Prof. Kin Wai Michael Siu

Professor, School of Design, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong

Kin Wai Michael Siu is Professor and Lab Leader of the Public Design Lab, School of Design, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. His research interests are in design policy, public environment, and universal and inclusive designs.

Maggie M Y Wong

Research Assistant, School of Design, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong

Maggie M Y Wong is Research Assistant of School of Design, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. She has participated in a number of environmental and interior design research and practical projects.


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