This essay analyzes the gender-based violent displacement of Fauziya Kassindja after her forced marriage and the threat of female genital mutilation in Togo. It also addresses other gender-based oppressions during her flight from Africa through Ghana, Germany, and, finally, to the United States of America, where she was placed in exclusion proceedings and incarcerated, sometimes in complete isolation units, with no rights and protections. Kassindja’s gender-based oppressions are further complicated by viewing them through a Fanonian lens, which provides a historiography and psychology of intersecting oppressions associated with Kassindja’s race, Islamic religion, age, health challenges, and an extremely tenuous asylum status.
|Keywords:||Gender-based Violence, Forced Marriage, Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), Displacement, Dispossession, Asylum, Frantz Fanon’s North African Syndrome, Fanon’s Ethnopsychiatry|
Assistant Professor of English, Department of English, American University of Sharjah, Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
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