A Gendered and Fanonian Reading of “Do They Hear You When You Cry” (1999) by Fauziya Kassindja and Layli Bashir

By Lily G. N. Mabura.

Published by The Humanities Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

This essay analyzes the gender-based violent displacement of Fauziya Kassindja after her forced marriage and the threat of female genital mutilation in Togo. It also addresses other gender-based oppressions during her flight from Africa through Ghana, Germany, and, finally, to the United States of America, where she was placed in exclusion proceedings and incarcerated, sometimes in complete isolation units, with no rights and protections. Kassindja’s gender-based oppressions are further complicated by viewing them through a Fanonian lens, which provides a historiography and psychology of intersecting oppressions associated with Kassindja’s race, Islamic religion, age, health challenges, and an extremely tenuous asylum status.

Keywords: Gender-based Violence, Forced Marriage, Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), Displacement, Dispossession, Asylum, Frantz Fanon’s North African Syndrome, Fanon’s Ethnopsychiatry

International Journal of the Humanities, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp.309-318. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 916.922KB).

Dr. Lily G. N. Mabura

Assistant Professor of English, Department of English, American University of Sharjah, Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates

Lily Mabura is an Assistant Professor in the Department of English at the American University of Sharjah, UAE. She is broadly interested in the peculiar intersectionalities of violent displacement, liminality, spiritual transcendence, egalitarian African Moral Orders, religion, and race or ethnicity in regard to black female colonial and postcolonial subjectivity. Her dissertation project attempted to examine the aforementioned intersectionalities within select border-shifting or trans-national novels by contemporary African writers. Chapters of her dissertation have been published in Research in African Literatures. Mabura is also a children’s and fiction author.

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