New Directions in Maya Research: Using History and Anthropology to Study the Maya Site of Tíhoo, Mérida, Yucatán

By Rhianna C. Rogers.

Published by The Humanities Collection

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Article: Electronic $US5.00

This paper presents the results of the Ciudadela (YUC 2) artifact analysis, a historical and archaeological study dealing with an assemblage originally collected from Tíhoo/Mérida in 1956 and 1957 by John Goggin and currently housed at the University of Florida - Florida Museum of Natural History. As one of the only stratigraphic samples excavated from the Maya site of Tíhoo, now destroyed and buried beneath the Yucatán capital city of Mérida, the Ciudadela collection represents a rare glimpse into a significant yet understudied Type 1 archaeological site. The YUC 2 collection contains an impressive archaeological assemblage spanning approximately 800 years (A.D. 1100-1957) and consisting of roughly 20,000 artifacts of both Maya and European origins. Historical and archaeological results indicated that there was little change in the production of indigenous artifacts after the fall of Mayapan (c.a. A.D. 1441-61) as inhabitants of pre-Columbian Tíhoo continued to use preexisting material items and regionalized variants from their former capital, Mayapan, well into the Spanish colonial period. In the post-colonial period, historical and archaeological records indicate a significant change occurred in the representation of material remains as native inhabitants incorporated a variety of European import goods from Spain, Italy, England, Japan, and China, and ceramics from regions across Mexico into their daily lives. Overall, this paper illustrates that interdisciplinary studies in Maya research can highlight a complex cultural interaction between the Maya and European immigrants, and greater Mesoamerica at the site of Tíhoo/Mérida.

Keywords: Maya, History, Anthropology, Material Culture, Artifacts, Colonial Yucatan, Pre-Columbian Maya

International Journal of the Humanities, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp.347-362. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.381MB).

Dr. Rhianna C. Rogers

Assistant Professor of Cultural Studies, Department of Cultural Studies, State University of New York - Empire State College, Cheektowaga, New York, USA

Dr. Rhianna C. Rogers is an assistant professor of cultural studies at Empire State College-State University of New York (ESC-SUNY). She holds a B.A. in social sciences (anthropology major and history minor), a M.A. in history, and a Ph.D. in comparative studies (Mesoamerican archaeology major and Latin American history minor) from Florida Atlantic University in Boca Raton, Florida. She has conducted archaeological research in Mexico, Ecuador, and the southeastern United States as well as historical research in the U.S. and Mexico.

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