Comparative Struggles for Educational Equality in the US since the 1960s: The Case of Mexican Americans and Puerto Ricans

By Guadalupe San Miguel Jr..

Published by The Humanities Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

This study provides a comparative view of the struggles for educational equality undertaken by Mexican American and Puerto Rican activists during the 1960s and 1970s. It documents the various strategies they used to challenge discrimination in public education and to promote reforms aimed at meeting their linguistic, cultural, and academic needs in elementary, secondary, and post-secondary education. Emphasis is placed on comparing their actions against school segregation in the public schools and for increased access to higher education. I argue that these struggles were diverse, multifaceted, and independent of each other. I also argue that the participation of both groups had the effect of expanding, extending, and diversifying the historic struggle for education waged primarily by Mexican American activists in the first half of the 20th century.

Keywords: Comparative Struggles, Mexican American & Puerto Rican Activism, Equity Struggles, Latino Educational History, Social Movements and Education, Politics of Latino Education, Desegregation

International Journal of the Humanities, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp.299-308. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 757.930KB).

Prof. Guadalupe San Miguel Jr.

Professor of History, History Department, University of Houston, Houston, Texas, USA

I am a Mexican American historian interested in the history of education. More particularly, I am interested in issues dealing with the politics of language and culture in the schools, struggles against discrimination in education, and public policies affecting minority groups in the United States. Most of my work focuses on the 20th century and deals with the experiences of Mexican origin communities in the schools. Recently, I have begun to explore how other Latino groups in the United States have responded to discriminatory school policies during the 1900s. By Latinos I mean those who come from a variety of Spanish speaking countries in the Caribbean and the Americas. I also have an interest in the history of Mexican music in the United States, particularly along the border and in Texas.

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