The Filipino Primary School Teacher and the Shaping of Colonial Society in 19th Century Luzon

By Grace Liza Y. Concepcion.

Published by The Humanities Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

On the 20th of December 1863, the Spanish government issued the Royal Decree on primary education in the Philippines, which included the establishment of a Normal School for training Filipino teachers. From 1863 onwards, Filipinos formed part of the colonial structure that aimed to propagate the “civilizing mission” throughout the islands. Their position as teachers turned them into intermediaries between the colonial government and its subjects. Their task was vital for the success of Spain’s dream to Hispanicize her frontier colony. This study focuses on the activity of some teachers in Luzon and the role they played in colonial society negotiations. The study aims to raise possible questions from the personal records of teachers in order to determine their role in the interaction between colonial and indigenous discourses. It is hoped that this paper can a guide further examination of the abundant documentation available on Filipino primary school teachers in the late Spanish period.

Keywords: Spanish Era Philippines, Southeast Asia, 19th Century Education, Cultural History, Postcolonial Discourse, Colonialism, Colonial Intermediaries

International Journal of the Humanities, Volume 9, Issue 6, pp.233-246. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.141MB).

Grace Liza Y. Concepcion

Lecturer, Department of History, College of Arts and Sciences, University of Asia and the Pacific, Manila, Philippines

Grace Liza Y. Concepcion is an Instructor at the University of Asia and the Pacific, Department of History, where she graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in Humanities. She holds a BA (Honours) in English from the University of the Witwatersrand (South Africa). She finished her Master of Arts in History at the University of Navarre (Spain) in 2010. She is currently doing her PhD at the University of the Philippines. Her main research interest is 19th century Philippines and the interaction of colonial and Filipino discourses.


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