During the time of crisis, as testified to by history whenever possible, civilizations have demonstrated a tendency to reassess their values and ideals. The conflicts the world is currently struggling with too require a critical reevaluation of ideas and ideals taken for granted over centuries.
One of the most intriguing figures in the history of Eastern philosophy is the Andalusian sage and mystic, Mohyoddin Mohammad Ibn Arabi (1165-1240), whose influential thoughts and inspirational ideas have taken roots throughout the world, particularly in the Middle East, where they have impacted many of the artistic, cultural and sociopolitical movements to this day.
In this paper, by analyzing the works and thoughts of Ibn Arabi and his key theory–the Unity of Existence–I aim to initiate a discourse that critically examines the inconsistencies in his theory to reveal, not just the fact that Ibn Arabi’s philosophy is more Greek than Islamic, but that his ideas conflict with the inherent monotheistic message in Islam and in the other two Abrahamic religions. I will argue that such conflicts have permeated the active culture in the Middle East, whereby many contradictory actions, which threaten the region’s stability, have become increasingly evident.
|Keywords:||Ibn Arabi, Unity of Existence, Middle East, Philosophy, Humanities, Art, Islamic|
Assistant Professor of Art History and Humanities, Humanities, Folsom Lake College, Folsom, California, USA
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