This paper focuses on the relationship between literature and ideology in a former communist country, namely in Albania. The relationship between literature and ideology in Albania resulted in both aesthetical and political consequences, during communism and also in post-communism.
From the aesthetic point of view this relationship damaged the previous literary tradition of the 1930-40s in Albania, it created a limited linguistic model in all literary genres, it created a false concept of Realism for readers and an unlikely perception of the social reality itself. This relationship between literature and ideology caused the denigration of the dissenting authors and their expulsion from literary history even though they were representative voices in Albanian literature.
In the social and political aspect it strongly supported the war of classes through imprisonments, internal exile of the writers and their families, and even the execution of writers that were considered enemies of the Party.
Even today in post-communist Albania debates still go on regarding the political persecutions of writers based solely on their ideological disagreement with the regime, but also about the other side of the issue, which is the possible connection between writers and the State Apparatuses they might have served for during dictatorship.
|Keywords:||Ideology, Literature, Aesthetics, Socialist Realism, Dictatorship|
Lecturer of Literature, Section of Literature and Linguistics, Department of Pedagogy, Faculty of Education, State University “Aleksander Moisiu” Durres, Tirana, Albania
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