Literature and Ideology: Aesthetical and Political Aspects of Albanian Literature in Dictatorship

By Bavjola Shatro.

Published by The Humanities Collection

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Article: Electronic $US5.00

This paper focuses on the relationship between literature and ideology in a former communist country, namely in Albania. The relationship between literature and ideology in Albania resulted in both aesthetical and political consequences, during communism and also in post-communism.
From the aesthetic point of view this relationship damaged the previous literary tradition of the 1930-40s in Albania, it created a limited linguistic model in all literary genres, it created a false concept of Realism for readers and an unlikely perception of the social reality itself. This relationship between literature and ideology caused the denigration of the dissenting authors and their expulsion from literary history even though they were representative voices in Albanian literature.
In the social and political aspect it strongly supported the war of classes through imprisonments, internal exile of the writers and their families, and even the execution of writers that were considered enemies of the Party.
Even today in post-communist Albania debates still go on regarding the political persecutions of writers based solely on their ideological disagreement with the regime, but also about the other side of the issue, which is the possible connection between writers and the State Apparatuses they might have served for during dictatorship.

Keywords: Ideology, Literature, Aesthetics, Socialist Realism, Dictatorship

International Journal of the Humanities, Volume 9, Issue 8, pp.95-108. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 795.554KB).

Dr. Bavjola Shatro

Lecturer of Literature, Section of Literature and Linguistics, Department of Pedagogy, Faculty of Education, State University “Aleksander Moisiu” Durres, Tirana, Albania

She received the title “Doctor in Literary Studies” in 2011 from the National Center for Literary Science and Albanian Studies, Institute of Linguistics and Literary Studies in Tirana and concluded her Master studies in 2007 at the Department of Literature, State University of Tirana. Teaching and job experience: Since the end of her Bachelor studies, which concluded with the “Excellent Student” Medal and Award (2005), she has been a Lecturer of Albanian Literature and World Literature in the State University of Durrës. She is a member of the Council of the Faculty in the Faculty of Education. She has participated in many national and international conferences on Cultural Studies, Literature, etc. and has about 25 articles published in University Journal Reviews, Literary Reviews and Periodicals in USA, Italy, Albania, Macedonia, Kosova etc. Her academic interests are strongly connected to contemporary poetry, cultural memory, social aspects of literature, the relationship between literature and philosophy, etc.


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