Abstract: There’s a new way of studying settlement patterns of the pre-European period (A.D. 1300 – A.D. 1769) in New Zealand. A settlement pattern is the spatial distribution of various archaeological sites, at a given time, that shows the social, economic and political structures of a group living in a particular environment. Combining the two different, although complementary, approaches existing in New Zealand to understand settlement patterns is the main component of my research, through the study of the mobility of the pre-European groups and their impact on different resources (economic approach) and the socio-political relationships between these same groups (spatial approach). GIS maps help to analyze the data obtained through an extensive survey of the archaeological sites in the territory of one hapū/sub-tribe in the eastern Bay of Plenty (North Island of New Zealand), area with strong Māori traditions and, besides one survey in 1982, without any publications about it. Working with the Māori communities could help gaining more archaeological data. In fact, involving them in the research helped gathering more data in a more effective way: sixteen sites were surveyed in 1982 while thirty-two sites have been recorded during a 2010 fieldwork within the territory of one hapū/sub-tribe located in the eastern Bay of Plenty.
|Keywords:||New Zealand Archaeology, Settlement Patterns Studies, GIS, Bay of Plenty, Te Whānau-ā-Apanui|
PhD Student, Anthropology Department - University of Otago, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
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