The Portuguese occupied Oman for 150 years, until they were expelled in 1650. Their departure and general loss of power in the region led other European powers, notably Britain, Holland, and France, to fill the gap. In turn, this created conditions for European knowledge of Oman to expand significantly. Hence, between the 17th and 20th centuries, Oman was effectively opened to the world, a change resulting largely from European powers and their representatives pursuing a colonial agenda. Though at that time Germany was not a major power, some of its citizens played an important role in exploring Oman and communicating their findings to the world. As this paper seeks to show, because Germany became imperially active for only a very brief period (1871–1918), the information on Oman contained in early German travel accounts is particularly objective. Differing from British, French, and Dutch experiences, the Germans simply had no time to develop a colonial outlook towards the Omani people.
|Keywords:||Orientalism, German Travelers, Oman, Engelbert Kaempfer, Carsten Niebuhr, Friedrich Rosen, Max Baron von Oppenheim, Hermann Burchardt|
Assistant Professor, Department of Arabic, Sultan Qaboos University, Alkhodh, Muscat, Oman
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